Do your users want to filter your dashboard by the Days, Weeks, Months and Years? I like to create a set of buttons as shown below with D, W, M and Y for this. Visually it does not take up a lot of room, and this is another option for your clients instead of using a boring old filter.
Date "Button" Example:
To put it into context, I use this button to filter the axis in the below line chart. The user can see the line graph by the date increments.
In order to create these buttons, I start with creating the following Parameter.
Date Part Example
I create a Calculated field as shown below on the sheet with a line graph.
Date with DATETRUNC
Date(DateTRUNC([Date Part Example],[Order Date]))
I will use this calculated field to replace the Order Date field in the Columns shelf.
I then create an Excel spreadsheet with the following;
I save this as a Control Sheet.xlsx
I connect it to Tableau and format it as below;
On the Columns shelf, I right-click to create a new calculation.
I then type Min(1)
This will change the worksheet to a bar chart and appear as below;
I then right-click on the axis to edit it and give it a Fixed end of 1.
This will expand the bars all the way across the pane.
I then hide all the Headers.
I remove all the grid lines, pane lines etc.
I move the Date Part Value measure to the Color Marks card.
I change the alignment for the Text to Middle by clicking on the Label Marks card. I also adjust the size of the Font, and make it bold.
I also expand the worksheet to display as the Entire view.
I right-click on the Date Part Display pill in the Columns shelf and set the sort to Manual. I move the M value below the W value.
Now I place this sheet on the dashboard.
I go to the Dashboard menu and select Actions.
I create a Parameter action by selecting the Add Action button and selecting Change Parameter.
I configure the Parameter as follows;
I then click OK when all the values are set like the example above.
I am now be able to change the axis of the line chart with the different Date "buttons."
I have this example for you to download in my Tableau Public dashboard here.